We all experience both happy and sad events in life. It is obvious that everyone enjoys happy moments, but there is a different effect of sad events on people. This is because; people have different perspectives towards life. Depending on the perspective towards life, people can be differentiated as follows:
- People who become sad due to sad events, but their self-esteem and positive mental frame are maintained even in the period of sadness. They restart their normal activities after some time.
- People who become sad in sad events, but their self-esteem becomes low. They experience feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing. Their mental outlook becomes negative; they lose interest in activities they enjoyed before and their mood does not change even after a long time. They may think:
- Life is not fair
- They have already worked a lot to get rid of the bad conditions so nothing can be done further.
- They believe that they do not deserve success or happiness because they are not capable of or they are not lucky enough.
- They believe despite their best efforts they will always fail
- They find faults in others for own failures and grievances.
- They believe that they are not good enough and have no self-regard.
The category 2 people are considered to be in a depressed condition.
The causes and symptoms of depression are different with different people. Hence the mode of treatment also varies from one person to other. However, the good news is, every kind of depression is treatable. So, when someone, suffering from depression, feels like he/she will never get out of the darkness in life, their dear ones must assure that even the most severe depression is treatable and the person must not hesitate to seek help.
It is unfortunate that depression remains untreated, most of the time because people hesitate to speak about it. The social stigma associated with depression prevents people from seeking help due to the fear of being considered as mentally unstable.
Sometimes, due to the lack of awareness on depression, people are unable to identify the signs of the depression and they remain stuck in unhealthy behaviour patterns for a long time. Eventually, they become dull and their condition of depression aggravates due to the disease remain untreated. This puts a negative effect on both, the sufferer and his/her family as well.
It must be noted that depression should not be considered as weakness or mental instability. People must treat it as an illness like diabetes or heart problems and it can affect anyone and anytime during their lifetime.
An interesting fact about the recovery from this disease is that the recovery starts with the recognition that there is some problem. As soon as the person accepts that his/her behaviour pattern is wrong and changes are required to be recovered, he/she gets ready for the treatment.
Even if the person in depression is not knowing the cause, type of depression and remedy of the same, one should not hesitate to seek help from a professional therapist. The person undergoing depression treatment is advised to get information about his/her disease from the internet and some books recommended by his/her doctor.
There are many treatment options available, for example, counselling, medication, healthy lifestyle changes etc. Learning about them will help to decide which approach is right for a person as no two persons are affected by depression exactly in the same way. Some treatment options might be more useful to one person but not so effective for the other one.
Therefore, one of the most important steps in treating depression is by gaining knowledge about it. When the person and his family, both are well informed, the treatment is done more effectively.
Types of depression treatment:
- Due to other medical conditions
- Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
- Electronic Convulsive Therapy (ECT)
- Lifestyle Changes:
Depression occurs due to the change in brain chemistry. The antidepressants medicines modify the brain chemistry. These should be taken on the advice of the psychiatrists and must be stopped only on the recommendation of a doctor or medical practitioner.
2. Due to other medical conditions:
Many medical conditions can cause symptoms of depression, including sadness, fatigue, and loss of enthusiasm. The doctor prescribes medical tests to rule out the possibilities of underlying medical ailments. If the person is diagnosed with such a condition, he/she is treated accordingly. Sometimes, only the treatment of the underlying diseases cures the patient. In case he/she requires other depression treatments, the doctor advises as per the need.
Psychotherapy involves talking to the person by a qualified therapist. It may involve only the individual or sometimes may include family or couple depending upon the requirement of the case. Sometimes, it is used alone for treatment of mild depression. For moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy is often used along with antidepressant medications.
4. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT):
This theory helps in changing the negative thinking and behaviour associated with depression. According to this theory, it is believed that humans have both negative and positive tendencies based on their irrational thinking and rational thinking. And irrational patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving are the causes of human depression.
CBT helps to identify feelings, thoughts and behaviour that co-work to make one feel happy, sad, excited, depressed, irritable, etc. It teaches to first observe the thoughts and behaviour and then apply the rules of logic, straight thinking to understand, control and stop their negative thinking pattern that triggers depression.
Negative thoughts (“I can never get success despite my best efforts”) are identified and then replaced with positive thoughts (“I can get success”). This is done by helping them identify their negative thoughts and behaviour by logical reasoning and then replacing them with a positive alternative. This leads to a more effective and positive behaviour. It is also observed that unconditional acceptance of self, others and life itself are important to attain mental wellness.
Sometimes simply changing one’s behaviour can bring about a positive change in feelings and mood. This can be as simple as listening to favourite music and going to buy something from the market.
5. Electronic Convulsive Therapy (ECT):
This is done by highly qualified professional doctors to the patients suffering from severe depression. It involves a light electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anaesthesia. A team of trained medical professionals including a psychiatrist, an anesthesiologist and a nurse are involved in the process.
6. Lifestyle Changes:
Lifestyle changes alone might not treat depression but they definitely play an important role in the treatment of depression. Having good lifestyle is the prerequisite to keep one away from depression. If someone is suffering from depression and does not follow healthy lifestyle then it is recommended to adopt changes where required. That will help him/her to get better results from the treatment he/she is undergoing.
Healthy lifestyle tips to fight depression:
Regular exercises for about an hour daily boost all feel-good hormones serotonin, endorphins etc in the body. This creates a positive impact on the mood of a person. Exercises trigger the growth of new brain cells just the same way antidepressant medicines do. Hence, exercises calm and relax the mind at the time of stress and thus helps in coping with depression.
Have some sunlight and also practise meditation, yoga and deep breathing.
This is a nice app to practice meditation
- Social support:
Social isolation is the key risk factor for depression. Hence keeping a contact with friends and family is a must. Often, the simple act of talking to someone face-to-face can be an enormous help. To increase social group one must join some hobby classes or some other group of interest. The best way to get social support system is to help people and volunteer some services.
Having a well-balanced diet is important for both physical and mental health. The diet must include the right amount of the entire nutrients required for the body. It is better to have a diet chart by a qualified doctor. Eating small, well-balanced meals throughout the day helps to maintain energy level high throughout the day and minimize mood swings.
Having a good night sleep is an important factor to deal with depression because sleep has a strong effect on mood. Deprivation from seep increases irritability, moodiness, sadness, and fatigue. Seven to nine hours sleep is required to keep healthy and depression free.
- Need to identify day to day Stress and try to reduce them:
- Overloaded by work, unfriendly relations and lack of support system, be unsatisfied with the achievements in life, stuck in the rat race of the society, all these lead to stress.
- Too much stress worsens the situation and leads to future depression. Therefore, some changes must be done to change the perspective of life and make it stress-free.
- It is better to consult with a therapist or family about the day to day stress and save ourselves from future depression.
- Break the cycle of negativity:
Depression starts with the constant feelings of negative thoughts, for example, feelings of self-loathing, guilt, being useless etc. Such kind of constant thoughts must be checked on a daily basis and replace them with positive thoughts.
Maintaining a journal (personal diary), writing recurrent negative thoughts in it and replacing them with the happier ones can break the cycle of negativity.
- Be active:
Write in a diary a few small tasks of personal choices to be done on the daily basis. It is good to have achievable targets. Try to complete them in a day as much as possible. It will help to boost morale and self-worth.
- Do not make impossible targets:
It is absolutely fine to wish to achieve something big in life. But, big targets sometimes create a lot of unnecessary stress. Hence, the mode of achieving it should be by breaking the big target into smaller ones. Accomplish smaller targets one after the other and keep celebrating every small achievement. Life is not a race. It should be spent on a beautiful journey by enjoying every scene of it.
- Spend some time with nature:
Nature is a true healer. The existence of beautiful nature should be experienced by a human because there is a true bliss in it. It cannot be explained only by words, it has to be experienced. Hence, spend some time alone with trees, plants, sky, moon; stars etc.
- Last but not the least, Talk to someone about depression:
People hesitate to talk about their depression. This leads to living with depression for quite a long time. The untreated depression aggravates the condition of the sufferer. Just opening up to someone about struggles can make the person feel lighter. So one must not hesitate to talk to trusted family members or friends or seek out new connections at a depression support group.
It must be noted that asking for help or sharing weakness does not mean that the person is a burden to others. Often talking face to face with someone can be very effective in dealing with depression.
Things to remember while getting depression treatment:
Sometimes therapy can be difficult to handle, but it should not be left in the middle. However, if the person is not comfortable with the therapist, he should not hesitate to explore other options. A strong trusting relationship between the therapist and the patient is the foundation of good therapy.
Do not hide any information from the doctor. The doctor must know everything about the medical as well as psychological conditions of the person. The doctor can decide right treatment strategies only when he knows the complete details of the person.
Learning about depression is important. It helps the person to understand that depression treatments take time, and sometimes it might feel overwhelming or frustratingly slow which is
Sometimes it takes time to find the right So, one should be ready for a little experimentation.
Healthy lifestyle changes must be incorporated to get positive results from the treatment.